Allergy is an adverse response of the immune system. The symptoms can affect one organ or be multi-system.
Signs and symptoms of allergy:
At least 2 organ systems are usually involved. May be triggered by cofactors such as: exercise, medication, (antacids) infection.
Anaphylaxis is defined as a “severe life-threatening, generalised or systemic hypersensitivity reaction.”
Anaphylaxis is characterised by: rapidly developing, life threatening, airway and/or breathing and/or circulation problem, usually with skin and/or mucosal changes.
Suspected drug allergy is any reaction caused by a drug with clinical features compatible with immunological mechanism. All drugs have the potential to cause adverse drug reactions, but not all of these are allergic in nature.
Common drugs causing allergic reactions:
If anaphylaxis is suspected:
Regulation 238 of the Human Medicine Regulation, 2012 allows for certain prescription only medicines to be administered by anyone for the purpose of saving life in an emergency. These medicines include:
To avoid any Allergy incidents: